Monday, 17 December 2012

A new Long-tailed Bird from the Early Cretaceous of China.

Discovered in the 1860s, Archaeopteryx had a unique combination of features, including a long, feathery tail, that marked it out as distinctive, intermediate between a Dinosaur and a Bird, which sealed Archaeopteryx's status as the First Bird. While it remained unique in this way for a lone time, recent years have seen a number of new specimens of Long-tailed Birds, suggesting this was a distinct group of animals that survived from the mid-Jurassic to the end of the Cretaceous, though it is not completely clear that these are all closely related as some may in fact be small, feathery Dinosaurs.

In a paper published in the journal Acta Palaeontologica Polonica on 14 November 2012, Xia Wang of the School of Biology and Environmental Science at University College DublinGareth Dyke of Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre at the University of Southampton and Pascal Godefroit of the Institut royal des sciences naturelles de Belgique, describe a new Long-tailed Bird specimen from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation at Yizhou Fossil and Geology Park in western Liaoning, China. 

The new specimen appears to be intermediate between two previously described species, Jeholornis prima and Jixiangornis orientalis, leading Wang et al. to conclude that the two species may in fact be different growth stages of the same animal, which therefore should be referred to as Jeholornis prima, since this was the first name used.

The new Long-tailed Bird specimen from Lioaning Province. Abbreviations: ad, alular digit; co, coracoid; cv, cervical vertebra; de, dentary; dv, dorsal vertebra; fe, femur; fi, fibula; fu, furcula; hu, humerus; is, ischium; j, jugal; la, lacrimal; ma, maxilla; mc, metacarpus; n, nasal; pm, premaxilla; pu, pubis; q, quadrate; ra, radius; sc, scapula; st, sternum; ta, tail; ti, tibiotarsus; tm, tarsometatarsus; ul, ulna; un, unguals. Wang et al. (2012).


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  8. We are authorized Financial consulting firm that work directly with
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    Our procedures are most reasonable and safest as we operate a 100% financial risk free process which entails that the issuing and receiving bank continues the transaction immediately after DOA is countersigned

    We offer certifiable and verifiable bank instruments via Swift Transmission from a genuine provider capable of taking up time bound transactions. We are RWA ready to close leasing with any interested client in few banking days

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    Regards
    WALSH SMITH, ROBERT
    email : info.iqfinanceplc@gmail.com
    skype: cpt_young1
    Tel contact: +447031968934
    Registered No: 04374045

    ReplyDelete
  9. BUPA FINANCE PLC is a group of company with funding experts and mandate to a finance and investment Company who is a premier provider of trade finance and project finance instruments as well as discountable bank instruments.

    Our bank instrument can be help you fund you projects in Trading, funding project(s) such as Aviation, Agriculture, Petroleum, Telecommunication, construction of Dams, Bridges, Real Estate and all kind of projects.Having years of professional, invaluable experience in the banking and finance industry, and having access to dozens of different prominent trusted and reliable providers, our Financial Services consultants will crawl through hundreds of products to find one that perfectly matches your needs.

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    Lease Instrument of BG/SBLC : 4%+2% Min Face Value cut = 5M- 10B EUR/USD
    DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENTS:

    1. Instrument: Bank Guarantee (BG / SBLC) (Appendix A)
    2. Total Face Value: Eur 5M MIN and Eur 10B MAX (Ten Billion USD).
    3. Issuing Bank: HSBC Bank London, Barclays, Credit Suisse and Deutsche Bank Frankfurt.
    4. Age: One Year, One Month
    5. Leasing Price: 6% of Face Value plus 2% commission fees to brokers.
    6. Delivery: Bank to Bank swift.
    7. Payment: MT-103 or MT760
    8. Hard Copy: Bonded Courier within 7 banking days.

    Name :Howard Anthony

    Email:bupafinance9@gmail.com

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    ReplyDelete
  10. We are able to finance your signatory
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    business plan. Furthermore, our
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    the purchase of goods from any
    manufacturer irrespective of their
    location. It can also serve as
    collateral with any bank in the world
    to secure loans for your project or to
    activate credit line to finance your
    business plan. We have {BG}, Standby
    Letter of Credit {SBLC}, Medium Term
    Notes {MTN}, Confirmable Bank Draft
    {CBD} as well as other financial
    instruments issued from AAA Rated bank
    such as HSBC Bank Hong Kong, HSBC Bank
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    Barclays Bank , Standard Chartered Bank
    and others on lease at the lowest
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    DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENTS:

    1. Instrument: Bank Guarantee (BG/SBLC) (Appendix A)
    2. Total Face Value: Eur 5M MIN and Eur 10B MAX (Ten Billion USD).
    3. Issuing Bank: HSBC Bank London, Credit Suisse and Deutsche Bank Frankfurt.
    4. Age: One Year, One Month
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