Asteroid 2018 FZ3 passed by the Earth at a distance of about 192 700 km (0.50 times the average distance between the Earth and the Moon, or 0.13% of the distance between the Earth and the Sun), slightly before 4.20 m GMT on Friday 23 March 2018. There was no danger of the asteroid hitting us, though were it to do so it would not have presented a significant threat. 2018 FZ3 has an estimated equivalent diameter of 5-18 m (i.e. it is estimated that a spherical object with the same volume would be 5-18 m in diameter), and an object of this size would be expected to explode in an airburst (an explosion caused by superheating from friction with the Earth's atmosphere, which is greater than that caused by simply falling, due to the orbital momentum of the asteroid) in the atmosphere between 40 and 24 km above the ground, with only fragmentary material reaching the Earth's surface.
2018 FZ3 was discovered on 21 March 2018 (two days before its closest approach to the Earth) by the University of Arizona's Mt. Lemmon Survey at the Steward Observatory on Mount Lemmon in the Catalina Mountains north of Tucson. The designation 2018 FZ3 implies that the asteroid was the hundredth object (object Z3) discovered in the second half of March 2018 (period 2018 F).
2018 FZ3 has a 1316 day orbital period and an eccentric orbit tilted at an angle of 7.23° to the plane of the Solar System, which takes it from 0.87 AU from the Sun (i.e. 87% of he average distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun) to 3.82 AU from the Sun (i.e. 382% of the average distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun, and slightly more than twice the distance at which the planet Mars orbits the Sun). It is therefore classed as an Apollo Group Asteroid (an asteroid that is on average further from the Sun than the Earth, but which does get closer). This means that the asteroid has occasional close encounters with the Earth, with the next predicted in March 2152. The asteroid also has occasional close encounters with the planet Jupiter, with the next predicted for December 2154.
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