Saturday, 26 April 2014

Magnitude 5.0 Earthquake on the coast of Hormozgān Province, Iran.

The United States Geological Survey recorded a Magnitude 5.0 Earthquake at a depth of 31.4 km on the south coast of western Hormozgān Province, Iran, slightly before 1.00 am local time on Saturday 26 April 2014 (slightly before 9.00 pm on Friday 25 April, GMT). This is a moderately large Earthquake, with the potential to be dangerous, although there are no reports of any damage or casualties on this occasion.

The approximate location of the 26 April 2014 Hormozgān Province Earthquake. Google Maps.

Iran is situated on the southern margin of the Eurasian Plate. Immediately to the south lies the Arabian Plate, which is being pushed northward by the impact of Africa from the south. This has created a zone of faulting and fold mountains along the southwest coast of the country, known as the Zagros Thrust Belt, while to the northeast of this the geology is dominated by three large tectonic blocks, the Central Iran, Lut and Helmand, which move separately in response to pressure from the south, stretching and compressing the rock layers close to the surface and creating frequent Earthquakes, some of which can be very large.

The population of Iran is particularly at risk from Earthquakes as, unlike other Earthquake-prone nations, very few buildings in the country are quake-resistant. The majority of residential buildings in Iran are made of mud-brick, a building material particularly vulnerable to Earthquakes as the bricks often liquify, trapping people inside and quickly asphyxiating them with dust. This is particularly dangerous at night when the majority of people are inside sleeping, but it is to be hoped that this quake, which occurred in the late afternoon has caused less casualties than some historic nighttime quakes.

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