Sunday, 15 September 2019

Xenoliths in volcanic rocks from the Cape Verde Oceanic Plateau, and their implication for the structure of the Cape Verde volcanic system.

The Cape Verde Archipelago comprises ten islands and eleven seamounts arising from an oceanic plateau off the coast of West Africa. The volcanic rocks of the region are predominantly alkaline in nature, though a few of the volcanic centres are composed of felsic material. These rocks also contain a range of xenoliths, pieces of rock which are incorporated into volcanic deposits, but which are older in nature, pieces of evidence which can be crucial to the understanding of the structure and evolution of volcanic complexes.

In a paper published in the journal Minerals on 1 February 2019, Abigail Barker of the Department of Earth Sciences at Uppsala University, and the Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Sciences, Thor Hansteen of the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, and David Nilsson, also of the Department of Earth Sciences at Uppsala University, describe the results of a study of xenoliths from Cadamosto Seamount and the Charles Darwin Volcanic Field of the Cape Verde Archipelago by remote operated vehicle. The Cadamosto Seamount is a roughly 2000 m high, large, mature dominantly phonolitic seamount, whereas the Charles Darwin Volcanic Field is comprised of multiple small, young mafic to phonolitic eruption centres on the Cape Verde plateau.

(a) Location map of the Cape Verde archipelago, (b) shows the Cape Verde islands and bathymetry including certain seamounts. The oceanic plateau was extensively sampled by ROV dives and dredging during the Meteor M80/3 expedition to Cape Verde in January 2010. The stars mark the locations of xenolith bearing samples featured in this study. The southwestern star depicts the Cadamosto Seamount located at the southwest of the southern chain of volcanic islands. The other star marks the Charles Darwin Volcanic Field, which lies southwest of the northern volcanic island chain, on the lower submarine flank of Santo Antão. Barker et al. (2019).

The xenoliths found by Barker et al. cam from relatively evolved lavas such as phononephelinites and phonolites. Igneous rocks are considered to be 'evolved' if they have formed from the last phases of a liquid melt that slowly cooled, so that many minerals with high crystallisation temperatures have been lost from the melt earlier; such rocks tend to be dark, dense and hard, with high calcium, magnesium, and iron contents. Such rocks are consistent with magmas with deep origins, probably in the upper oceanic lithospheric mantle, beneath the Mohorovičić discontinuity (the boundary between the Earth's crust and its mantle).

The largest xenoliths found were quite large reaching up to 5 cm in diameter, and are thought to be of sedimentary origin, with clay minerals and distinctive layering, whereas others appear to be of igneous origin, derived from earlier deep Earth processes. These are composed of plagioclase, clinopyroxene, olivine and orthopyroxene crystals of roughly similar size (100 μm).

Photomicrographs of host lavas and xenoliths from Cape Verde. (A) Feldspathoids in a lava from the Charles Darwin Volcanic Field (Sample 068DR14). (B) Phononephelinite from the Cadamosto Seamount (Sample 035ROV10). (C) Sedimentary xenolith with fine grained detrital quartz, feldspar and biotite in a clay matrix. Note the 100 μ m contact zone with the lava. (Sample 035ROV10). (D) Clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene and plagioclase bearing gabbro xenolith (Sample 068DR03). (E) Plagioclase and clinopyroxene in a gabbro xenolith (Sample 067ROV07) (XPL) (F) Olivine, clinopyroxene and plagioclase in a gabbro xenolith (Sample 068DR03) (XPL). (G) Xenolith contact with narrow rim on olivine and wide (100 μ m) rim on plagioclase (Sample 068DR14). (H) Finely recrystallized anorthoclase rim on xenolith plagioclase (Sample 068DR03) (XPL). Abbreviations: plag, plagioclase; ol, olivine; opx, orthopyroxene; cpx, clinopyroxene; di, diopside; aeg, aegirine; bt, biotite; no, nosean; ne, nepheline; le, leucite; sa, sanidine; ancl, anorthoclase. Barker et al. (2019).

Where the mineral olivine is present at the edges of xenoliths, it has begun to dissolve in the melt, then become a centre for the nucleation of clinopyroxene crystals. Barker et al. interpret this to suggest that the minerals had a surface temperature of about 1005°C, and the surrounding melt of about 1083°C, consistent with magma that was cooling during its ascent. The elemental composition of the clinopyroxene rims is similar to that of clinopyroxene in the surrounding matrix, confirming that they are derived from the melt rather than the xenoliths.
 
Barker et al. suggest that this is consistent with a model in which magmas from the lithospheric mantle rise up through oceanic crust gabbros and then shallower sedimentary rocks, collecting sedimentary xenoliths as they rise. Although these magmas are relatively well evolved, suggesting a long time interval between their formation by the melting of older rocks and their eruption at the surface, the presence of xenoliths acquired during their ascent implies that this ascent was fairly rapid, as a slow ascent would have given the xenoliths time to melt completely and be absorbed into the magma.

Schematic image of the lithospheric architecture beneath Cape Verde. The lavas crystallise clinopyroxene (cpx) in the oceanic lithospheric mantle, as they traverse the ocean crust they pick up xenoliths of ocean crust that have crystallised at crustal levels. Subsequently as magma ascent proceeds the magmas cross sediments evidenced by occasional sedimentary xenoliths, before eruption at submarine volcanic centres. Barker et al. (2019).

See also...

https://sciencythoughts.blogspot.com/2019/08/thousands-forces-to-flee-their-homes-as.htmlhttps://sciencythoughts.blogspot.com/2019/07/fifteen-dead-in-morocco-landslide.html
https://sciencythoughts.blogspot.com/2019/02/magnitude-35-earthquake-in-ifrane.htmlhttps://sciencythoughts.blogspot.com/2019/02/magnitude-43-earthquake-in-al-hoceima.html
https://sciencythoughts.blogspot.com/2019/02/collapse-at-gold-mine-feared-to-have.htmlhttps://sciencythoughts.blogspot.com/2019/02/magnitude-35-earthquake-in-figuig.html
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  26. I Want To Appreciate Dr.OYAGU for his great deeds, I Was Diagnosed With type 2 Herpes Virus Last year,And i Was Looking For Solution To Be Cured Luckily I Saw Testimonies On How Dr.OYAGU Cure Herpes Virus I Decided To Contact Dr.OYAGU I Contacted Him He Prepared A Herbal Medicine Portion And Sent It To Me,I Started The Herbal Medicine For My Health.He Gave Me Step By Step Instructions On How To Apply It, When I Applied It As Instructed, I Was Cured Of This Deadly Herpes Within 2 weeks, I Am Now Herpes Negative.My Brother And Sister I No That There Are So Many People That Have The Same Herpes Virus Please contact Dr OYAGU To Help You Too,And Help Me To Thank Dr.OYAGU For Cure Me, I’m Cured By Dr. OYAGU Herbal Medicine,His Contact Email:oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com

    Or Cell Whatsapp Number +2348101755322 thank you

    ReplyDelete
  27. Life is always beautiful when you have good health. For almost a year had Hpv and I was lonely and sad luckily I was directed to a very kind and Great Dr Onokun who helped me cure my Hpv and today I am free from Hpv and very healthy thank you so much Dr Onokun Email him via: Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com 

    ReplyDelete
  28. My husband left me for another woman after one year of our marriage. I needed him back desperately because i loved him so much. I became very worried and needed help. On this faithful day  as i was browsing through the internet, I came across a particular testimony about this good DR IROSI help get ex back fast and stop a divorce or breakup and so on , So I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he told me what to do and i did it then he did a (return Love spell) for me. 48 hours later, my husband came back to me crying and begging for my forgiveness. Today I’m so happy and i want to recommend this great spell caster to anyone that truly needs an urgent solution to his or her broken relationships and marriage email him at:(DRIROSISOLUTIONCENTER@GMAIL.COM) Simply contact the great “DR IROSI” If you have any problem contact him and i guarantee you that he will help you., do not cry anymore-contact this powerful spell caster now. Thank you DR IROSI for saving my broken relationships and brought my husband back to me!” email him at: (DRIROSISOLUTIONCENTER@GMAIL.COM) or call/whatsapp him via: +2348118829771.    

    ReplyDelete
  29. I Want To Appreciate Dr.OYAGU for his great deeds, I Was Diagnosed With type 2 Herpes Virus Last year,And i Was Looking For Solution To Be Cured Luckily I Saw Testimonies On How Dr.OYAGU Cure Herpes Virus I Decided To Contact Dr.OYAGU I Contacted Him He Prepared A Herbal Medicine Portion And Sent It To Me,I Started The Herbal Medicine For My Health.He Gave Me Step By Step Instructions On How To Apply It, When I Applied It As Instructed, I Was Cured Of This Deadly Herpes Within 2 weeks, I Am Now Herpes Negative.My Brother And Sister I No That There Are So Many People That Have The Same Herpes Virus Please contact Dr OYAGU To Help You Too,And Help Me To Thank Dr.OYAGU For Cure Me, I’m Cured By Dr. OYAGU Herbal Medicine,His Contact Email:oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com

    Or Cell Whatsapp Number +2348101755322 thank you

    ReplyDelete
  30. What is there in the Penis Enlargement Remedy method that other stuff does not have? Well, for one thing, Penis Enlargement Remedy is safe as things included in the supplement are totally from nature. The use of stem cells is a genius invention since penis cannot be enlarged externally. Since the penis stops growing once it reaches its maximum point, the only thing to do is to go deep inside it. Growing penis on a cellular level is a practice that I thank god I found out about Dr Samson from Natural penis center who helped me ship some herbs with DHL to help me out from this shame email naturalpeniscentre@gmail.com Or naturalpeniscentre@hotmail.com  visit (naturalpeniscentre.webs.com)WhatsApp him now +2348145810121    

    ReplyDelete
  31. I Want To Appreciate Dr.OYAGU for his great deeds, I Was Diagnosed With type 2 Herpes Virus Last year,And i Was Looking For Solution To Be Cured Luckily I Saw Testimonies On How Dr.OYAGU Cure Herpes Virus I Decided To Contact Dr.OYAGU I Contacted Him He Prepared A Herbal Medicine Portion And Sent It To Me,I Started The Herbal Medicine For My Health.He Gave Me Step By Step Instructions On How To Apply It, When I Applied It As Instructed, I Was Cured Of This Deadly Herpes Within 2 weeks, I Am Now Herpes Negative.My Brother And Sister I No That There Are So Many People That Have The Same Herpes Virus Please contact Dr OYAGU To Help You Too,And Help Me To Thank Dr.OYAGU For Cure Me, I’m Cured By Dr. OYAGU Herbal Medicine,His Contact Email:oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com

    Or Cell Whatsapp Number +2348101755322 thank you

    ReplyDelete

  32. Life is always beautiful when you have good health.i have be in pain For almost 2 years had Hpv and I was lonely and sad luckily I was directed to a very kind and Great Dr Oyagu who helped me cure my Hpv and today I am free from Hpv and very healthy thank you so much Dr Oyagu Email him: oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or whatsapp him via +2348101755322

    ReplyDelete
  33. Greatest thanks to Dr Oyagu for his herbal drugs that he prepared for me and when i start using it in just 2weeks i was completely cured and that ended my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE i am so happy and grateful to Dr Oyagu . after reading about him on a testimony of Jason Cash on a blogger. i knew suddenly Dr Oyagu was the right Doctor to cure my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE. i discuss with Dr Oyagu and he prepared a herbal medicine for me and when it got sent to me in south korean . i used the herbal medicine and 2weeks and i went to check up again. after 15years of suffering from HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 at last i am smiling once again. Dr Oyagu also has remedy to others disease like COLD SORES,HIV/AIDS,DIABETES.CANCER,HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND MANY MORE. I oblige everyone to contact this powerful herbalist Dr Oyagu and be free from your suffering. contact his WhatsApp line: +2348101755322 or his Email:Oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  34. I am Linda from USA. I Want to say a very big thanks to DR Kogi for the wonderful work he did for me in helping me to save my marriage, my husband ask for a divorce letter because of the little misunderstanding we had in the past few month, And i never wanted this because i love my husband so much and all our investment was a joint business and i don't want to be far away from my family and my two lovely kids. My friend told me about DR Kogi and how he also helped her with her marital issues, so i had to contact him because i want to stop my husband from completing the divorce letter and i want to keep my family together and after contacting him, i was told what i needed to do and when i was going to start seeing the result, I did as DR Kogi has instructed and after 2 days my Husband called me and start asking for my forgiveness and it was all like a dream to me and we are all living happily together again all thanks to DR Kogi .          
          Contact Him today via Email:    drkogispellcaster@gmail.com                       
     Call/ whatsapp Dr via +2348054405058
     
    you can also contact him for solutions on other issues such as1) Lottery spell2) Ex back3) Pregnancy issues4) Cure for all kinds of sickness, disease and infection..... contact him today for your lasting solution

    EMAIL DR: drkogispellcaster@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete

  35. Life is always beautiful when you have good health.i have be in pain For almost 2 years had Hpv and I was lonely and sad luckily I was directed to a very kind and Great Dr Oyagu who helped me cure my Hpv and today I am free from Hpv and very healthy thank you so much Dr Oyagu Email him: oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or whatsapp him via +2348101755322

    ReplyDelete
  36. Greatest thanks to Dr Oyagu for his herbal drugs that he prepared for me and when i start using it in just 2weeks i was completely cured and that ended my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE i am so happy and grateful to Dr Oyagu . after reading about him on a testimony of Jason Cash on a blogger. i knew suddenly Dr Oyagu was the right Doctor to cure my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE. i discuss with Dr Oyagu and he prepared a herbal medicine for me and when it got sent to me in south korean . i used the herbal medicine and 2weeks and i went to check up again. after 15years of suffering from HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 at last i am smiling once again. Dr Oyagu also has remedy to others disease like COLD SORES,HIV/AIDS,DIABETES.CANCER,HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND MANY MORE. I oblige everyone to contact this powerful herbalist Dr Oyagu and be free from your suffering. contact his WhatsApp line: +2348101755322 or his Email:Oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  37. Joy and happiness is all i can see around ever since i came in contact with this great man. i complained bitterly to him about me having herpes only for him to tell me it’s a minor stuff. He told me he has cured thousands of people but i did not believe until he sent me the herbal medicine and i took it as instructed by this great man, only to go to the hospital after two weeks for another test and i was confirmed negative. For the first time in four years i was getting that result. i want to use this medium to thank this great man. His name is Dr Oyagu, i came in contact with his email through a friend in UK and ever since then my live has been full with laughter and great peace of mind. i urge you all with herpes or HSV to contact him if you willing to give him a chance. you can contact him through this email oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or you can also WhatsApp him +2348101755322
    He also cured my friend with HIV and ever since then i strongly believe he can do all things. Don't be deceived thinking he does not work, i believe if you can get in contact with this man all your troubles will be over. i have done my part in spreading the good news. Contact him through his email and you will be the next to testify of his great work.



    ReplyDelete
  38. Dr. Kham herbal medicine is the best remedy for Herpes and HIV/AIDS, I was a carrier of Herpes and I saw a testimony on how Dr. Kham cure Herpes, I decided to have a contact with him and asked him for help and he started the remedies for my health and prepare the herbal medicine for me which i use to cure myself. Thank God, now everything is fine, I’m cured by Dr. Kham herbal medicine, I’m very thankful to Dr.Kham and i will not stop publishing his name on the internet because of the good work he did for me, You can reach him on his email: dr.khamcaregiver@gmail.com Or you can call and WhatsApp him on +2348159922297, You can also visit his website: https://drkhamherbalhealingcenter.wordpress.com/    


    DOCTOR KHAM CAN AS WELL CURE THE FOLLOWING DISEASE:-

    1. HIV/AIDS
    2. HERPES
    3. CANCER OF ALL KINDS
    4. HSV
    5. Hepatitis A,B,C
    6. Diabetes
    7. CHRONIC DISEASE

    Natural remedy for curing HERPES and HIV. Call and whatsapp Dr Kham on +2348159922297

    ReplyDelete
  39. Hello everyone,

    I want to testify about Luis Carlos who help me invest my bitcoin and made me who i am today, i never believe in bitcoin investment till i met Luis Carlos, I saw so many testimony about Luis Carlos helping people to invest their bitcoin, So i decide to contact him and invested $500 and after 72 hours i receive my profit of $5,000 on my bitcoin wallet, Ever since i have been investing with them and i always receive my profit without any delay, so if you want to invest your bitcoin, Luis Carlos is the best trade you can invest with and getting your profit is guarantee, So if you want to invest just contact them and they will guide you on how start your investment . Email: tradewithluiscarlos@gmail.com or WhatsApp : +16234044993

    ReplyDelete
  40. PERFECT NATURAL HERBS AND VEGANS CURE FOR Herpes 1&2 THAT WORK FAST WITHIN 14 DAYS WITH DR ELINFOH HERBAL MEDICINE, I saw so many testimonies about Dr ELINFOH a great HERBAL DOCTOR that will help you CURE and give you the rightful health to live a joyful life, i didn't believe it at first, but as the pain got worsen and my life was at risk after using lots of ARV drugs from the hospital and no changes so i decided to give a try to Dr Elinfoh I contacted him also and told him i want a cure for Herpes , he gave me advice on what i must do and he deliver it to me in my home address i gave him and i got the medicine which i use according to his instruction, and today i must say I am so grateful to this man Dr Elinfoh for curing me from Herpes and for restoring me back to my normal health and a sound life and i am making this known to every one out there who have been trying all day to be cured from Herpes or any sickness should not waste more time just contact him with his details below, believe me this is the only way to get cured from Hepres , this is the real solution we all have been searching for. Do not waste more time contacting him today for you can also leave a sound and happy life. contact info below. Email: (drelinfohherbalhome@gmail.com ) or WhatsApp or Call him on: +2348110492072. and you can as well contact him on other issues you are having like*HEPATITIS B*DIABETICS*CANCER*ALS*HERPES*BODY REDUCTION*BREAST ENLARGEMENT*FIBROD*CANCER*PREGNANCY MISCARRIAGE*Relationship issues etc.. ** Neoplasms*Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
    *Chronic Respiratory Diseases
    * Mental and Behavioral Disorders
    *Alzheimer’s Disease
    Email: (drelinfohherbalhome@gmail.com).    
    Via whatsapp +2348110492072. I pray God also blesses you with your heart's desire as you get in touch with Dr Elinfoh.

    ReplyDelete

  41. i already gave up on ever getting cured of HSV2 because i have try many treatment none of them work out for me i have go to different hospital they always tell me same thing there is no cure for herpes when i came across a post about Dr oyagu, in the net from a lady called Angela i contacted him and he reassured me with him herbal medicine which i took according to the way he instructed, that how i was cured. I doubted at first because i have been to a whole lot of reputable doctors, tried a lot of medicines but none was able to cure me. so i decided to listen to him and he commenced treatment, and under two weeks i was totally free from Herpes. i want to say a very big thank you to DR oyagu for what he has done in my life. feel free to leave him a message on email oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com and also WhatsApp him +2348101755322..
    He can still be able to help you with this herbs medicine:
    1...ALS CURE/DIABETES CURE/EPILESY/HPV CURE/LUPUS/HEPATITIS/CANCER/GOUT

    ReplyDelete
  42. I am here to say a big thanks to you Dr Oniha for making me a complete person again, I was infected with HERPES for 6 years. I have been seriously praying to God and searching for a cure. I came here last month to search for a solution to my problem and I saw comments of people talking about how they get cured through the use of your herbal medicine. Which made me contact you for help and you surprise me and filled me with joy, now I am free from the disease. I am forever grateful to Dr Oniha. Anyone with such a disease can also contact Dr Oniha for cure.
    Website:http://onihaspelltemple.com  
    Email: onihaherbalhome@gmail.com
    Whatsapp number:+16692213962
    The following disease are cured by Dr Oniha.
    HERPES 1&2FIBROIDDIABETE 1/2
    RPES GENITAL
    ERECTILE DISFUNCTION
    WEAK ERECTION
    ALS
    HPV 123
    PREMATURE EJACULATION
    HEART FAILURE
    HEPATITIS B
    Penis Enlargement

    ReplyDelete
  43. I found out, that taking herbal treatment is the best to get rid of hpv as soon as i feel the symptoms of hpv is appearing, i took the healing process by contacting Dr Oyagu for natural treatment it works wonders, amazingly ever since I had the herbal treatment i have not feel these horrible disease anymore and my doc told me the virus is gone, i am glad i finally got cured out from this horrible disease. every hpv or herpes patients should also get in touch with this herbalist Dr to get ride of these disease forever his email.oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com or Whatsapp him via +2348101755322

    ReplyDelete
  44. Dr Olori Traditional Herbal Therapy is the best to treat Herpes virus, I have had herpes for 12 years now and I have tried so many ways to get rid of herpes totally but to know avail but I kept on searching. Couple weeks ago I came across a review about Dr Olori herbs, it was quite convincing because I believe in natural herbs for healing as I have been a vegan for a couple years now. So I decided to give it a try, I am overwhelmed with joy as I am totally free from herpes so I decided to share among others. You can get in touch with Dr Olori via email: droloriherbalcenter@gmail.com, call/Whatsapp +2348110492548. He does have herbs for Other ailments such as   Hpv, Diabetes, Hepatitis, Cervical Cancer. You can place your order on his website: https://dr-olori-traditional-healng-herbs.weeblysite.com/ .

    ReplyDelete

  45. i already gave up on ever getting cured of HSV2 because i have try many treatment none of them work out for me i have go to different hospital they always tell me same thing there is no cure for herpes when i came across a post about Dr oyagu, in the net from a lady called Rebecca i contacted him and he reassured me with him herbal medicine which i took according to the way he instructed, that how i was cured. I doubted at first because i have been to a whole lot of reputable doctors, tried a lot of medicines but none was able to cure me. so i decided to listen to him and he commenced treatment, and under two weeks i was totally free from Herpes. i want to say a very big thank you to DR oyagu for what he has done in my life. feel free to leave him a message on email oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com and also WhatsApp him +2348101755322..
    He can still be able to help you with this herbs medicine:
    1...ALS CURE/DIABETES CURE/EPILESY/HPV CURE/LUPUS/HEPATITIS/CANCER/GOUT

    ReplyDelete
  46. Herpes Virus is a terrible virus, if not for my Husband and the help of the great Dr.Alabi my life would have been a mess! I was diagnose with Herpes virus in 2012, my husband encouraged me, and told me not to lose hope, I manage to give birth to a baby Boy who was free from this virus, and my Husband was always there for me! One day he came to me and told me that he have found a man who can cure me. Base on scientist, they said there is no cure for Herpes virus; he told me that he has seen many testimonies about him on the internet. We decided to contact him, we filled his Herbal home form, and he asked us to buy some local root and herbs items which we did! and he prepared for me a herbal medicine and 14 days later he asked me to go for medical test, faithfully hopefully i went for the medical test, and Behold, I was cured, from this virus and its was not found in my Body system again... My Dear Husband and my Father Dr.Alabi, God will surely bless the both of you, till the end of time, in Jesus name.. If you have any problem kindly contact Dr Alabi via his email (Dr.Alabiherbalhome@yahoo.com) or whatsapp him on +1{810}4982897 for any kind of help......

    ReplyDelete
  47. Herpes Virus is a terrible virus, if not for my Husband and the help of the great Dr.Alabi my life would have been a mess! I was diagnose with Herpes virus in 2012, my husband encouraged me, and told me not to lose hope, I manage to give birth to a baby Boy who was free from this virus, and my Husband was always there for me! One day he came to me and told me that he have found a man who can cure me. Base on scientist, they said there is no cure for Herpes virus; he told me that he has seen many testimonies about him on the internet. We decided to contact him, we filled his Herbal home form, and he asked us to buy some local root and herbs items which we did! and he prepared for me a herbal medicine and 14 days later he asked me to go for medical test, faithfully hopefully i went for the medical test, and Behold, I was cured, from this virus and its was not found in my Body system again... My Dear Husband and my Father Dr.Alabi, God will surely bless the both of you, till the end of time, in Jesus name.. If you have any problem kindly contact Dr Alabi via his email (Dr.Alabiherbalhome@yahoo.com) or whatsapp him on +1{810}4982897 for any kind of help......

    ReplyDelete
  48. I have to say wholeheartedly I believe Oniha is a gifted individual and gentle in his second nature. I have received the most rewarding and spiritual experience whilst conversing with him on the telephone. I heard and saw an angel in my mind-eye it was so overwhelming. I knew at the moment finally my difficulties were over. He deserves recognition for his power and talents as a beautiful individual who brings spirit close to those in need. I have been touched deeply,nothing has come as close to me before. I am in total awe and have a great deal of respect. Thank you Dr Oniha for reuniting me with my estranged husband. Anyone who needs relationship help should contact this man and he will help you. 
    EMAIL: ONIHASPELLTEMPLE@GMAIL.COM
    WHATSAPP: +16692213962
    WEBSITE: http://onihaspelltemple.com 

    ReplyDelete