Sunday 1 October 2017

Asteroid 2017 SS12 passes the Earth.

Asteroid 2017 SS12 passed by the Earth at a distance of about 257 300 km (0.67 times the average distance between the Earth and the Moon, or 0.17% of the distance between the Earth and the Sun), slightly after 3.30 pm GMT on Sunday 24 September 2017. There was no danger of the asteroid hitting us, though were it to do so it would not have presented a significant threat. 2017 SS12 has an estimated equivalent diameter of 7-23 m (i.e. it is estimated that a spherical object with the same volume would be 7-23 m in diameter), and an object of this size would be expected to explode in an airburst (an explosion caused by superheating from friction with the Earth's atmosphere, which is greater than that caused by simply falling, due to the orbital momentum of the asteroid) in the atmosphere between 36 and 25 km above the ground, with only fragmentary material reaching the Earth's surface.

The calculated orbit of 2017 SS12  Minor Planet Center.

2017 SS12 was discovered on 25 September 2017 (the day after its closest approach to the Earth) by the University of Arizona's Catalina Sky Survey, which is located in the Catalina Mountains north of Tucson. The designation 2017 SS12 implies that it was the 618th asteroid (asteroid S12) discovered in the second half of September 2017 (period 2017 S).
2017 SS12 has a 479 day orbital period and an eccentric orbit tilted at an angle of 1.19° to the plane of the Solar System, which takes it from 0.80 AU from the Sun (i.e. 80% of he average distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun) to 1.60 AU from the Sun (i.e. 160% of the average distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun, slightly more distant from the Sun than the planet Mars). It is therefore classed as an Apollo Group Asteroid (an asteroid that is on average further from the Sun than the Earth, but which does get closer). This means that close encounters between the asteroid and Earth are extremely common, with the last thought to have happened in October 2013 next predicted in March 2024. 
2017 SS12  also has frequent close encounters with the planets Venus, which it is thought to have last passed in May 2010 and is next predicted to come close to in April 2054, and Mars which it last came close to in May 2015, and is next predicted to come close to January 2040. Asteroids which make close passes to multiple planets are considered to be in unstable orbits, and are often eventually knocked out of these orbits by these encounters, either being knocked onto a new, more stable orbit, dropped into the Sun, knocked out of the Solar System or occasionally colliding with a planet.
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