On Monday 4 March 2019, at 11.27 am GMT, the Moon will be at its furthest point from the Earth in 2019, a distance of 406 390 km. The Moon orbits the Earth every 27.5 days, and like most orbiting bodies, its orbit is not completely circular, but slightly elliptical, so that the distance between the two bodies varies by about 3% over the course of a month. This elliptical orbit is also not completely regular, it periodically elongates then returns to normal, making some perigees closer than others. Because this is an elongating and contracting elliptical orbit, rather than a change in the average distance between the Earth and the Moon, the most extreme Lunar Perigee and Apogee of each year typically happen in the same Lunar Month; this year the closest Lunar Perigee occurred 19 February at 9.07 am GMT.
Diagram showing the relationship of the Lunar orbit and Lunar month. Southern Astronomical Delights.
Although this is the furthest point from the Earth that the Moon will reach in 2019, it is not exceptional. The Moon reached 406 459 km from the Earth on 15 January 2018, and will reach 406 668 on 20 March 2020.
Follow Sciency Thoughts on Facebook.