An archaeological expedition organised by the Institute of Archaeology of the Czech Academy of Sciences has uncovered a large megalithic tomb at Nafūn in Duqm Province, central Oman, according to a press release issued on 14 April 2023. The tomb is quite unlike anything discovered previously in Southern Arabia, and is thought to date from between 5000 and 4600 BC. It was uncovered by a team comprising archaeologists from the Czech Republic, Oman, the United States, Great Britain, Ukraine, Iran, Italy, Slovakia, Austria, and France.
Archaeologists from the Czech Academy of Sciences have been carrying out work in Oman for many years, principally studying the ancient migration routes taken by ancient Humans between 1.3 million and 300 000 years ago, from Africa along the southeastern coast of Arabia and into Eurasia. However the tomb is of Neolithic origin (much later), and tells part of a completely different story.
The tomb comprises a circular megalithic structure, covering a pair of circular burial chambers, containing Human remains thought to have come from several dozen individuals. Near to this site are a collection of 48 rocks covered in engravings, in a range of styles thought to date from between 5000 and 1000 BC. A wide range of Late Stone Age tools have also been found in the area.