Tuesday 13 September 2016

Borniopsis mortoni: A new species of Galeommatoid Bivalve from Shikoku Island, Japan.

Galeommatoid Bivalves are an extremely diverse group of bivalves from shallow and intertidal waters around the world. They are noted for the commensual relationships that many species form with other invertebrates, living either on the bodies of their partners or within their burrows. Members of the genus Borniopsis are known from around the coast of eastern Asia, where they have been found living on the bodies of Mantis Shrimps, Crabs, Holothurians (Sea Cucumbers), Sipunculid Worms, Echiurans (Spoon Worms) and probably Tanaid Crustaceans.

In a paper published in the journal ZooKeys on 7 September 2016 Ryutaro Goto of the Museum of Zoology and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Michigan and Hiroshi Ishikawa of Uwajima on Shikoku Island, Japan, describe a new species of Borniopsis from Sea Cucmbers found on mud flats at the mouth of the Souzu River on southwestern Shikoku Island.

The new species is named Borniopsis mortoni, in honour of Brian Morton of the Univeristy of Hong Kong for his contributions to marine biology, marine ecology and malacology, including the discovery of many Galeommatoid species. Borniopsis mortoni was found living on the bodies of the Sea Cucumber Patinapta ooplax, a Worm-like burrowing species, with about 70% of the Sea Cucumbers inspected hosting the bivalves and some having more than ten attached.

Patinapta ooplax with multiple individuals of Boriopsis mortoni attached. Goto & Ishikawa (2016).

The Bivalves are small, with the largest specimens reaching 4.1 mm by 2.8 mm, and have thin, elongate and slightly inflated shells. The periostracum (covering of the shell) is tan to brown, withblack markings. They attach to their hosts using both their foot and byssal threads (thick silky threads produced by some Bivalves as a way of attaching themselves to substrates).

A crawling individual of Boriopsis mortoni. Goto & Ishikawa (2016).

See also...

http://sciencythoughts.blogspot.co.uk/2012/09/the-evolution-of-galeommatoid-bivalves.htmlThe evolution of Galeommatoid Bivalves. Galeommatoid Bivalves are a large group of Molluscs that inhabit a broad range of environments and often form commensal relationships with a broad range of other invertebrates. Their classification has...
http://sciencythoughts.blogspot.co.uk/2012/09/symbiosis-and-success-of-galeommatoid.htmlSymbiosis and the success of Galeommatoid Bivalves.                                                       Galeommatoid Bivalves are small (under 20 mm, mostly under 10 mm) nondescript Clams found in both soft and hard bottomed marine environments (which is unusual, as most Bivalves...
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