Saturday, 16 November 2019

Asteroid 2019 VB5 passes the Earth.

Asteroid 2019 VB5 passed by the Earth at a distance of about 145 800 km (0.38 times the average  distance between the Earth and the Moon, or 0.10% of the distance between the Earth and the Sun), slightly before 5.30 pm GMT on Saturday 9 November 2019. There was no danger of the asteroid hitting us, though were it to do so it would not have presented a significant threat. 2019 VB5 has an estimated equivalent diameter of 1-3 m (i.e. it is estimated that a spherical object with the same volume would be 1-3 m in diameter), and an object of this size would be expected to explode in an airburst (an explosion caused by superheating from friction with the Earth's atmosphere, which is greater than that caused by simply falling, due to the orbital momentum of the asteroid) in the atmosphere more than 45 km above the ground, with only fragmentary material reaching the Earth's surface.
The calculated orbit of 2019 VB5. JPL Small Body Database.

2019 VB5 was discovered on 8 November 2019 (the day after its closest encounter with the Earth) by the University of Arizona's Mt. Lemmon Survey at the Steward Observatory on Mount Lemmon in the Catalina Mountains north of Tucson. The designation 2019 VB5 implies that the asteroid was the 122nd object (asteroid Y7 - in numbering asteroids the letters A-Y, excluding I, are assigned numbers from 1 to 24, with a number added to the end each time the alphabet is ended, so that A = 1, A1 = 25, A2 = 49, etc., which means that B5 = (24 x 5) + 2 = 122) discovered in the first half of November 2019 (period 2010 V).

2019 VB5 has a 402 day orbital period and an eccentric orbit tilted at an angle of 0.88° to the plane of the Solar System, which takes it from 0.84 AU from the Sun (i.e. 84% of he average distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun) to 1.28 AU from the Sun (i.e. 128% of the average distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun). It is therefore classed as an Apollo Group Asteroid (an asteroid that is on average further from the Sun than the Earth, but which does get closer). This means that 2019 UY7 occasionally comes close to the Earth, with the last such encounter having happened in April 2010, and the next predicted for October 2020.

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